What are the Symptoms of kidney Stones?

Stones are produced from chemicals which have crystal lied in concentrated urine; the crystals can enlarge over time

The symptoms and signs may include:

  • no symptoms – if a stone stays in your kidney, it may not cause any symptoms at all, and may only be found “by chance” (usually on an X-ray or scan done for another reason)
  • aching in your loin (flank)
  • non-visible blood in your urine – found only when your urine is examined under a microscope or tested using a sensitive dipstick
  • infection in your urine – stones are a known risk factor for urinary infection
  • ureteric colic – severe pain as a stone passes down towards your bladder from your kidney

When a stone moves down from your kidney into your ureter (the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder), you may get severe pain (known as ureteric colic). This can be very unpleasant, often with nausea and vomiting. It usually starts in your loin, and may radiate down to your groin or testicle/labia as the stone moves down (pictured right).

When the stone gets close to your bladder, you may get a constant need to pass urine although there is nothing to pass; this is due to the stone irritating the base of your bladder and “fooling” it into thinking that it is full. A stone in this position can also cause:

  • burning when you pass urine;
  • pain at the tip of your penis or urethra (water pipe)
  • Visible blood in your urine.

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